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Puddleducks weekly update!

W/c 29th Oct 2018

This week we have been exploring Halloween.

The children have had a wide range of activities to choose from, using 2D shapes to design a face on there pumpkin and make a witch picture. We went on a spider web hunt and looked at the shapes and patterns we found. We then used glue and glitter to make our own web pictures.

We also made 3D pumpkins by threading strips of paper onto a pipe cleaner, then using different materials to decorate them.

Lisa and some of the children had lot's of fun on Wednesday carving pumpkins. They enjoyed using their hands to scoop out the inside of the pumpkin.

We have also iced spooky biscuits, making our own icing and decorating them with spooky decorations.

This week we have also been focusing on looking at books in small groups and independently, talking about what is happening in the story and pictures as well as what might happen next. We have also enjoyed turn taking games like, dominoes, Around the world bingo and number bingo.

We have had an exciting start to this half term and look forward to next week.

Puddleducks weekly update.
W/c 15th Oct 2018
This week in Puddleducks we have been learning about hibernation, we have read stories, designed dens for animals to hibernate in, talking about natural materials the animals could use to help them keep warm and cosy. We then build our dens using junk modelling and natural materials.
Also this week we have made clay hedgehogs, developing our fine motor skills by pushing in small sticks for the hedgehogs spikes.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


In PE this week we have been following instructions and working on our listening skills as well as 'frozen yoga' on Thursday.
At the beginning of the week we had a look at ways to keep our bodies health, looking specifically at personal hygiene. First we read the book 'Wash, scrub, brush', then the children were introduced to 'Stuart the crocodile'. Stuart needed help keep his body clean, so the children helped him by showing him how to brush his teeth and wash.

 

 

 


We have had a busy week and wish everyone a peaceful half term. We return on Tuesday 30th October.
Mandy and Lisa

Puddleducks weekly update.
W/C 08/10/18
This week at Puddleducks we have been continuing our investigation into autumn changes. We have been on a colour hunt where we found natural objects of different colours in the world around. The children found many colours such as, red, yellow, orange and brown. We also went up on the field to make autumn potions, the children added acorns, leaves, conkers and lot's of different natural things the found.
We have also been developing our physical development, cutting vegetables to make soup. The children chopped and cut the different vegetables, we then cooked the soup and tried it at snack time. Nearly all the children tried it and liked it!
We also got creative this week and used some of the natural objects we have found to print into clay with, the children enjoyed pressing the natural objects in and looking to see what pattern the left in the clay.
We have also been continuing our work on recognising numerals and developing our listening skills, by following simple instructions in PE and learning our autumn/Halloween songs!
We have had a busy week as usual and look forward to a nice rest. Ready to start again on Monday!
Have a lovely weekend!
Mandy and Lisa.

Puddleducks Weekly Update.

W/c 24/09/18

This week in Puddleducks we have been busy looking at the book Alien school. The children talked about astronauts and aliens. We then painted our hands and made some amazing handprint aliens. We also made aliens out of play dough.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have also been making the most of the lovely weather and have had lot’s of fun outside mark making in foam, going onto the field and going on a leaf hunt.

We have been talking about harvest and read the book ‘ The little red hen’. We have baked our own bread and talked about friendship and helping others.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The children have also enjoyed playing in our home made spaceship from the book ‘Whatever next?’ by Jill Murphy. Were the children role played going to the moon and having a picnic as well as sitting in the space ship to read books together.

We have had a fun and exciting week and look forward to what next week will bring!!

Mandy and Lisa.

The Puddleducks Team

17/09/18

We have had another busy week in Puddleducks this week. We started the week with a nature walk around the local area, we collected different coloured naturals objects, such as leaves, pine cones and feathers. Talking about the different colours we could see around us.

We then used the objects we had found to make collarges.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have also been learning about space. The children have been helping our class bear, 'Star Bear' to plan a trip to space. We have been looking at the name of the planets and building rockets out of the junk modelling, we also built a rocket for 'Star' to use to fly to the moon!!

In Physical Education we have been using the large equipment to climb and balance on and talking about how to stay safe when using it! We also did a space themed yoga session on Thursday.

We

We have had a action packed week this week and are excited to see what next week will bring!

Have a lovely weekend!

The Puddleducks Team.

 

W/C 10/09/18

We have had a busy first week in Puddleducks, it has been nice welcoming all the children back, including some new faces, who have settled in amazingly.
We are also excited to welcome Lisa to the KPA family and hope she has had a fantastic first week with us!!
This week we have been working on listening and have had a listening walk around the school grounds. We have also been on a shape hunt and been working on counting and number recognition. We are also working on feelings, being able to recognise and express our feelings in positive ways. We would also like to thank Mrs Harradine for giving us some foam dinosaurs, which we had lot's of fun decorating over the week.
It has been a lovely start to the new school year and look forward to the rest of the exciting things we have planned over the Autumn term!!


 

 

 

 

 

The Puddleducks Team!

Weekly update!

16/07/18.

 

We have had a fun and busy week at Puddleducks this week!

At the beginning of the week it was reward day for the children and we had a bouncy castle, the children had a lovely time and we were all pretty worn out by the end of the day!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have enjoyed the lovely weather and spent time out on the field and had a lovely picnic on Wednesday. We would like to thank all our parents for bringing in lovely treats for the picnic, especially the amazing leaving cakes for Laura!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have had a super week and have done lot's of fun things, making and flying paper planes, using our new story sacks, puzzles, games and loads more!

But now the school year is coming to an end and we would like to thank all the people who come in and support us over the year, staff, volunteers, and parents! We couldn't do our jobs without all of you, so a massive thank you to you all!

We would like to wish a huge thank you and sad goodbye to Laura who will be greatly missed in September, and look forward to welcoming our new member of staff joining our team!

Have a lovely Summer all, and we will see you in September (Term starts, Wednesday 5th Sep).

Mandy and Laura

The Puddleducks Team.

 

 

Weekly update!
09/07/18
This week at Puddleducks we have been looking at the 'ffff' sound. We started the week off by going to the field to make potions with the different natural materials we could find, such as leaves, twigs and flowers. The children also had lot's of fun finding sticks and twigs to make there own 'bonfire', working together to make it the 'biggest bonfire ever'. We also went and had a story in the nature area and would like to thank Miss Bleakley and Ash class for all there hard work clearing the paths in there!
This week we have also been looking at keeping fit and healthy, we have looked at what makes a healthy meal and which foods are good/not good for us.  
we have also been outside this week, playing in the music area and washing dolls. Some children have been helping to tidy up the planting area.
Hope you have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks team.

 

W/C 2/7/18
 
This week we have started looking at the phonics sound 'f'. On Tuesday morning we went up onto the field and made smelly potions. They found different flowers from the field and mixed them together with water. The children were encouraged to describe how their potions smelt.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have been looking at the topic of healthy eating. The children took part in a food tasting activity where they tried different fruits - bananas, blueberries, pineapple, oranges, raspberries, melon, lemon and limes. The children were very open to trying new fruits and spoke about how they tasted. Afterwards we asked them which fruit they liked the most and which they liked the least. We have also been talking about our heart and what job it does in our bodies. The children watched a short programme on how our heart works and what our blood vessels do. After this they put their hand on their chest and felt their heart. We talked about if it was beating fast or slow. We then went to the hall and the children walked, ran, jumped and rested for 1 minute. After each one the children stopped and felt how their heart was beating and spoke about how their bodies were feeling.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This morning they have been printing with fruit and vegetable moulds and creating a food scrap book of foods they like and foods they do not like to eat. We have also spoke about foods that they haven't tried before and if they think they would like them!
 
We hope you have a lovely weekend!
 
The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 25/6/18

 

We have had a very busy week in Puddleducks this week! We continued to look at the phonics sound 'l' and did a little recap of all our other previously learnt sounds. On Tuesday morning we joined in with Sports Day and the children were fantastic! They took part in 3 different races - bean bag, dressing up and a running race. They all joined in and we were both so proud of them for how well they did and how well behaved they were!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have been looking at Star Bear's holiday and this week she decided to go to the beach. The children helped to pack a beach bag and spoke about what she would need. We talked to the children about beach safety and what the different coloured wind socks displayed mean. They then made their own wind socks which we took up to the field to experiment with. Star Bear decided that she wanted to write a postcard and send home. As a group we wrote a postcard and then the children had the opportunity to write their own ones!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On Thursday we had a picnic up on the field at lunchtime where we also enjoyed cakes and bubbles! This morning the children made their own pizzas and we enjoyed this for our snack!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We hope you have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team

Laura and Mandy

W/C 18/6/18
 
This week we have started learning about the phonics sound 'l'. The children went on a word hunt around the school. They were given the challenge of finding words that started with the sounds that we have learnt and encouraged to sound these out.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrying on with our story 'The Rainbow Fish', the children made their own Rainbow Fish cookies this week. They followed the steps to the recipe and cut out their own shaped cookies. We have also been looking at holiday's and we are helping Star Bear to plan her own holiday. This week the children chose that she would be visiting Poole in Dorset. She would be travelling by car and staying in a caravan. We created bar charts to record our votes on the children's ideas and spoke about which had the most votes and which had the least. The children drew their own maps for Star to use to help her find her way to Dorset and we spoke about car safety.
On Thursday afternoon we were invited by Ash Class to join in with Miss Connor's leaving picnic. The children had a lovely time and we would like to say a big thank you and good luck to Miss Connor!
 
As the weather is forecast to be very hot next week, can your child come to Puddleducks with a sun hat and sun cream every day please!
 
We hope you have a lovely weekend!
 
The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy
W/C 11/6/18
 
This week we have continued to focus on the phonics sound 'u'. The children have been completing their sound sheets and exploring the sound box.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On Monday we planted cress seeds which the children have taken home. We talked about what they think they need to help them grow and decided that they would need water, air and sunlight. We planted four extra pots to keep at Puddleducks where we have one with no light, one with no air, one with no water and one with light, air and water. The children have been checking these daily and we have been talking about if not having these elements are helping our cress seeds to grow or not.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have continued to look at the story of 'The Rainbow Fish'. The children have been exploring coloured playdough, creating our own rainbow fish using clay and sequins and printing fish onto clay. The children took part in a music and movement session on Wednesday and have been playing ball games on the field.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We hope you all have a lovely weekend!
 
The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 4/6/18

 

We have had a very busy first week back! The children have started learning about the phonics sound 'u'. We have also been recapping all our previous sounds that we have learnt.

 

This half term we are looking at the story of 'The Rainbow Fish'. The children have been painting their own fish, decorating fish pictures using different materials and answering questions about the story. We have been talking about 3D shapes and their properties. The children were given the challenge of seeing if they could find objects within Puddleducks that were the shape of a cube, cuboid, sphere and cone.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have been busy making something special for Father's Day and they have also spent lots of time exploring the sand tray indoors. They have been using the moulds to make fish and building sandcastles.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We hope you have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 21/5/18

 

This week we have continued to learn about the phonics sound 'o'. The children have been painting pictures of fresh flowers and decorating rocks. They used lots of different materials including glitter, googly eyes and fabrics!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weekly we have been looking at our beanstalk and measuring how much it has grown. This week we talked about size and worked out if the beanstalk was taller or shorter than each of the children! Outside we have been playing hopscotch to help develop their gross motor skills and their understanding of number recognition.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The children have been helping us change our home corner into a beach shop ready for the last half term! They have been role playing selling ice creams and different foods to their friends!

 

We hope you all have a lovely, restful half term and we look forward to welcoming you back on Monday 4th June!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 14/5/18
 
This week we have started learning the phonics sound 'o' and collecting items in go in our sound box. The children have been discussing their likes and dislikes where we have been encouraging them to share their ideas and opinions with others as well as taking other people's into account.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

They have been busy junk modelling where they have created lots of amazing models using different materials. The children have been exploring mark marking this week where they have used a range of tools to make marks. They have also been developing their fine motor skills by making shapes using the play dough.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have been talking about the upcoming Royal Wedding happening this weekend and the children have been decorating pictures, creating their own balloon pictures and role playing with Royal wedding character stick puppets.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We hope you have a lovely weekend!
 
The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 7/5/18

 

This week we have continued to look at the phonics sound 'g'. On Tuesday we went up onto the field on a mini beast hunt. We have been talking about teamwork and how we can work well with others. The children worked in pairs to complete their chart on the clipboards when they found different mini beasts!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

After our visit from the local fire brigade last week, the children have shown a real interest in fire engines. Over the week we have changed our home corner into a 'people who help us' theme. On Monday the children helped to make a fire engine which they have had lots of fun role playing in! They have been dressing up and making badges to wear.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have been talking about length and arranging 3 objects in size order. The children have been playing counting games with hoops and bean bags where we have been encouraging number recognition. We have also continued to talk about road safety. Today we have come into Puddleducks and found that our chrysalis have turned into beautiful butterflies! We are all very excited at releasing them outside later on today!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 30/4/18
 
This week we have started looking at the phonics sound 'g'. They have been adding to the sound box finding objects starting with the 'g' sound. We have been working on our fine motor skills through playing with clay. They have been using different tools to cut and snip and have used their hands to mould it into shapes. We have introduced 3D shapes and went on a shape hunt around the school looking for objects that were the shape of a cube.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have been talking about everyday hazards that we face, the risks that they could be to ourselves and thinking about solutions where we can prevent them from happening. The children thought of some fantastic ideas!! On Thursday afternoon we had a very special visit from the local fire service. The children had the chance to look around the fire engine where they were shown the ladders and hoses and some even felt strong enough to lift the nozzle themselves - it was very heavy! They were able to sit inside the fire engine and were very excited to hear and see the flashing siren!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We hope you all have a lovely long bank holiday weekend!
 
The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy
W/C 23/4/18
 
This week we have continued to work on the phonics sound 'd'. We have been reading the story 'The Very Hungry Caterpillar' and making our own story board. The children have been learning about symmetry by making butterfly pictures. They have also been finger painting to make their own caterpillars. We have been very excited watching how fast our caterpillars are growing!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We took part in a shape hunt where the children were looking for the shapes circle and square in the school environment. They each had a clipboard where they marked off when they found one. When we had finished we then counted up how many marks we made to see how many we found!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The children made 'potions' in the garden using coloured water, flour, shaving foam and glitter. We looked at how the colours changed when different colours were mixed together. On Wednesday the children made pizzas where they chose their own ingredients and then enjoyed these for their afternoon snack! This week we have been talking about road safety. We spoke about how we should walk along the pavement and the importance of listening to an adult. We created a road scene in the tuff spot with a road, zebra crossing, cars, a house and a park. The children were encouraged to talk through how they would get from the house to the other side of the road to get to the park safely.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Have a lovely weekend!
 
The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 16/4/18

 

Welcome back! We hope you all had a lovely Easter break! This week we have introduced our new phonics sound 'd' and recapping the other sounds that we have learnt. We have been talking about rules - understanding what a rule is, why we have them and trying to think of rules that we follow.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The children have loved being outside in the beautiful weather and have been exploring lots of different activities! They have been busy washing babies, playing with the dinosaurs and volcano in the tuff spot, marking making with chalks and exploring the mud kitchen. We have also opened our 'reading den' in the hut and the children have been looking at stories and using the binoculars to look for birds.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We also had a very special delivery this week - we received some caterpillars! We have been talking about the life cycle of a caterpillar and we will be looking after them hoping that we can watch them grow into butterflies!

 

Have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 26/3/18
 
We have had a very busy last week in Puddleducks! We have finished looking at the phonics sound 'm' and had a recap of all the other sounds that we have learnt. On Monday the children finished making their Easter cards. They used feathers and eyes to decorate their chicks and took part in marble painting for their eggs. We also had our first Puddleducks cake sale on Monday which was a huge success! We would like to thank all the parents who made cakes for us to sell and for everybody who helped out - Thank you very much!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On Tuesday we made our Easter bonnets in the morning and then went to the church for the Easter service in the afternoon with the school. The children did amazing at joining in with the Easter bonnet parade around the church and we thought they looked fantastic!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On Wednesday it was reward day at KPA. The children took part in an Easter egg hunt in the hall, enjoyed rice krispie nest treats, made bunny baskets and also found eggs around the room which had letters on them to make up their name. Mandy also brought in her guinea pigs Mal and Chrissy for us all to look after for the day! We learnt all about the things they like, how to look after them and we even had the chance to stroke them and feed them a carrot!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today the children are filling and emptying with rice krispies, decorating eggs and colouring in Easter pictures. We hope that you all have a lovely restful and safe Easter break. We look forward to welcoming you back on Monday 16th April.
 
The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy
W/C 19/3/18
 
This week we have started our new phonics sound 'm'. The children have completed their sound sheets and found objects around the room which began with the 'm' sound. We all went on a bug hunt in the garden where the children used different tools to dig in the mud. We found spiders, a centipede and lots of worms! The children put these in view finders to have a closer look! We also checked on our bug houses that we made last week.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have started talking about Easter and why it is celebrated. They have been learning Easter songs, decorated eggs and put these on our Easter tree and have started making Easter cards. The children took part in a milk experiment where they used pipettes with different food colouring in them and squeezed these into the milk. We spoke about what was happening and what colours they made when they mixed together. This morning we have been ice painting and have been talking about why and what makes ice melt.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We hope you have a lovely weekend!
 
The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 12/3/18

 

This week it has been science week and we have had a wide range of science related activities available for the children.
On Monday morning we started off the day with a nature hunt, looking for different objects to build our own 'Bug hotel'. We first talked about the different things bugs would like to have in their hotel. The children decided we should look for sticks, stones, pine cones, bark and leaves, so we went outside and collected all of the different resources we would need. We also took photos of some of the things we found with the kiddie cameras. We then took the resources back to Puddleducks and the children used them to fill plant pots. We even found a bug hiding in the pile of leaves we had collected! We used these materials to make bug houses which we have placed in the garden. We took part in an experiment where we predicted if sugar cubes would melt quicker with hot or cold water. We measured our beans to see how much they had grown and also explored the tuff spot with sand, water and sea creatures.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On Tuesday we went to an assembly presented to us by the ‘Mad Science’ stage show. The theme was ‘Up, Up and Away’ and we learnt about air and how it works with things. We explored colour by mixing different powder paints together to create colours. We also went up to the field and learnt about measurements. The children took it in turns to throw or kick a different sized balls and then measured how far it went. On Tuesday afternoon we looked at shapes and talked about 2D and 3D shapes. We sorted the shapes into the groups and named them as we went.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On Wednesday some of the children used the shapes to mark their pictures with, talking about the shapes they are using.
We also had the 'Escape from the ice' outside. This is where the children use a range of tools to help the animals that had been frozen in the ice escape. They also used salt and warm/cold water to get them out. We focused on words such as ice, melt, freeze, thaw, water, liquid and solid. We had a 'capacity exploration table' where the children had a range of different size containers to fill and empty the rice from. We looked at words such as, empty, full, and half way up. In the afternoon as a group we looked at a range of factual books from the library, talking about a range of subjects, from the life cycle of the sea horse to looking at different places in the Atlas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On Thursday morning we looked at different textures. We talked about how a range of materials felt and looked at a range of describing words such as, hard, soft, fluffy, rough and bumpy. We then used some of the materials to start our own texture book. In the afternoon we talked about what materials would be the best to keep our eggs safe if they fell, like Humpty Dumpty. We found different materials such as bubble wrap, cotton wool and kitchen roll. The children then used these to make houses for their eggs. When we had all made our houses we took them up to the field and dropped them on the floor. We then took them back to Puddleducks and opened the houses up to see if our eggs had broken or not. We had lots of messy fun!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today we read the story 'Mister Seahorse' and spoke about what materials a seahorse would have in their habitat. The children then used what they had learnt to create their own houses for a seahorse. This afternoon we listened to the story 'The Best Ears in the World' and then went on a listening walk around the school. The children created their own 'good listening' ears. They worked in pairs to mark off what they could hear on their sheets.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We hope you have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 5/3/18

 

This week we have starting looking at the phonics sound 'r'. They have been completing their sound sheets and exploring the sound box. The children have been exploring magnets and finding out what objects are magnetic. They have been making predictions and then testing their ideas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We took part in a colour changing celery experiment. The children had to half fill a beaker with water and using a pipette, drop food colouring in to change the colour of the water. They then placed a piece of celery into it and observed what happened over time. We have also been looking at the seeds and beans that we planted last week. We have been measuring how much they have grown, talked about what would help them to grow more and drawing pictures of them.

Thank you to everyone who brought in family photos this week. The children have really enjoyed looking at these and sharing stories about what they were doing in the pictures. We talked about features of our family members, such as hair and eye colour and using a mirror, they were encouraged to think about the similarities and differences they have compared to their family members.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If we could please have family photos next week from anyone that was unable to bring them, thank you!

 

Have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 26/2/18

 

This week in Puddleducks we have continued to look at the phonics sound 'h'. We have been learning about the concept of objects floating and sinking. The children each chose an object and predicted if they thought it would float or sink in water. We put our ideas into practice and afterwards spoke about what happened. The children were then able to use what they had learnt to make their own boats using materials they thought would help to make it float.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have loved playing the snow this week and on Thursday we explored ice painting. The children used different coloured paint and mixed it into a big block of ice to see what would happen! On Thursday we also celebrated World Book Day. The children looked fantastic in their costumes and were very excited to read stories with their friends that they had brought in from home.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We hope you have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 19/2/18

 

We hope you all had a lovely, restful half term!

 

This week we have started looking at the phonics sound 'h'. We have also been recapping all the previous sounds and they are all doing brilliantly at making the connection between the letter and the sound.

 

At the beginning of the week we looked at Chinese New Year. The children joined in dancing to Chinese music with ribbons and scarves. They made dragon masks, Chinese rattle drums and tried noodles for their afternoon snack! They also listened to the story of 'The Great Race' and used the Chinese Zodiac to order the animals from the story.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On Wednesday we took part in a yoga session to 'The Very Hungry Caterpillar'. We have also been very excited as we now have some pond snails that have joined us in Puddleducks! The children have enjoyed watching them in the tank and drawing pictures of what they can see.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We hope you have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 5/2/18
 
We have had a busy last week in Puddleducks! The children have been continuing to learn about the phonics sound 'e' and have enjoyed looking back at the other sounds we have already learnt.

 

On Monday the children followed a recipe to make Valentine's biscuits. We have been talking about people in our lives who are special to us and the children were able to decorate a card for them. During our mini P.E sessions, we have been developing our physical skills on the climbing and balancing equipment. We also made play dough which has been very popular with the children this week! On Wednesday the children enjoyed pancakes for their afternoon snack where they were able to choose the toppings that they would like.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Just a reminder that you will all have received Mother's Day prints by the children this week. If you would like to purchase an item, there is an order form on the back of their picture and will need to be returned on our first day back after half term - Monday 19th February.
 
Have a lovely half term!
 
The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 29/1/18

 

This week we have started looking at the phonics sound 'e'. We have continued our work on numbers and incorporated this into different areas of play. In the garden they have been tracing around stencils of numbers on the ground using chalks, ordering numbers from 1 to 5 and counting movements such as hopping and jumping in our mini PE session. They have also been arranging objects by size and colour and exploring shape during a sticking activity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Over this half term the children have been creating their own scrap books. In these are photos of them in action at Puddleducks and are available for them to look at throughout the day. It gives them a great opportunity to talk about what they have been doing and explore these independently or with their peers. They have been drawing pictures of things and people that are important to them and thinking about what they like to do.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have also started talking about rules in Puddleducks this week. We encouraged the children to think about different rules we have at nursery and at home and why they are important. This morning they been busy making flapjacks and are very excited to try them at afternoon snack!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 22/1/18

 

This week we have continued to work on our phonics sound 'c/k'. We took part in a yoga session to the story of Moana and have been developing our listening skills by following instructions and moving in a variety of ways. We have been talking about our features and what makes us different from others. They have been making self portraits and using a mirror to get a closer look!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have been talking about sounds and getting the children to think about sounds that they like and do not like. They have also been talking about self-care and how we wash our hands effectively. They then completed sheets where they had to place the sequencing in the correct order. The children have also been exploring numbers. They have been arranging number spots to 10 in the correct order and counting each spot as they jumped on them.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 15/1/18

 

We have had another busy week in Puddleducks! The children have started learning the phonics sound 'c' and 'k' and completing their sound sheets. They have been exploring colour this week and taking part in different activities where they could see the changes when mixing colours together. They have been ice painting, mixing colours using their hands, squeezing pipettes and playing with coloured water.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Some of the children took part in a number hunt around the school where they had to see how many times they could find the numbers 1 and 2. We managed to find lots of numbers and they used their clipboards to mark them off. In our mini PE sessions the children followed an obstacle course to the story of 'We're going on a bear hunt' and on Wednesday they practiced their yoga skills to 'The very hungry caterpillar'! This morning we are making chocolate muffins and practicing following the stages to a recipe.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We hope you have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 8/1/18

 

Happy new year to everyone! We hope you all had a lovely Christmas and enjoyed the break

 

On Thursday and Friday last week the children helped to change our home corner into a doctors surgery. They have been very busy helping to make the babies feel better by giving them first aid and medicine! Over the past week we have been recapping our phonics sounds that we learnt last term - 's, a, t, p, i, n'. They have been playing bingo where they had to match the card to the sound on their board.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have been practicing our cutting skills by following patterns on paper and also working on our number recognition. On Monday and Tuesday the children joined in with mini PE sessions. We played ring games with the parachute, danced with ribbons, played ball games, practiced our co-ordination by using rackets and balloons and exploring the climbing equipment.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The children also took part in ice play where they had to use different tools to free animals that were frozen in the ice! We spoke about where you would find ice, what was happening to it over time and what we could use to melt the ice quicker.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We hope you have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 11/12/17 and W/C 18/12/17

 

Apologises for this not being posted on Friday, we had a few technical issues in Puddleducks!

 

We started the week very excited for a snow day! The children loved exploring the snow, making footprints and playing on the field! We had a special visit overnight on Tuesday and were left with a letter from Santa and a sack full of presents! We were very busy baking in the week and made some delicious treats! They made cinnamon bread stars, gingerbread and sausage rolls! The children helped to follow the steps to the recipe, decorated them amazingly and brought them home to share with their families  The children also enjoyed Christmas dinner with the rest of the school on Wednesday. They all sat beautifully and we had some very empty plates at the end!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This week we have been getting excited for Christmas! They have been decorating wooden decorations, playing with red glittery playdough and making rice krispie Christmas trees and Christmas puddings!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We hope that you all have a lovely Christmas and we look forward to welcoming you back in the New Year on Thursday 4th January!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 4.12.17

 

We have had a very busy week again in Puddleducks! We continued looking at the phonics sound 'n'. The children have enjoyed exploring the sound box and naming things starting the 'nnnn' sound. On Tuesday we joined the rest of the school for the Christingle service. They spent the morning making their Christingle and learning about what they represent. Thank you very much to the parents who came and helped us walk to the church

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have been decorating stockings, our calendars and drawing pictures to send to Santa at the North Pole! On Thursday we made penguins using different coloured icing and on Friday morning we made and decorated cookies called 'Amerikaner'.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We hope you all have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 27.11.17

 

This week we have started our new phonics sound 'n'. The children have been completing their sound sheets and have enjoyed joining in with the action to the song.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have finished making our wish stars where the children told us what they have hoped for for Christmas and decorated their stars. They have been using lollypop sticks to create Christmas trees and finishing making the last of the animals for our tree at the church. We took part in a mini PE session where we played ball games, practiced developing our physical skills and joined in with dancing. This morning the children also enjoyed decorating our Christmas tree in Puddleducks!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Just a reminder that Puddleducks have decorated a tree at the Christmas Tree Festival at the church. It is open this weekend for you to view if you would like to see it

 

Have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 20.11.17
 
This week we have continued to look at the phonics sound 'P'. The children have been exploring the sound box and finding the letter 'P' in the environment around them. We have been reading the story 'Little Robin Red Vest' at circle time and the children have been interacting with counting and naming the colours brilliantly!
 
We have been finishing making the last of our Arctic animals that will be displayed at the Christmas Tree Festival at the church next weekend. They have been making snowy owls, whales and seals!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On Thursday we celebrated Thanksgiving. The children made their own turkey pictures using hand and finger prints and we had turkey sandwiches for our afternoon snack which the children made themselves. We also made dream catchers and they enjoyed listening to the interactive story about why it is celebrated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
We hope you all have a lovely weekend!
 
The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 13.11.17

 

This week we have started looking at the phonics sound 'P' and have been finding objects in the room that start with the letter 'P' and adding them to our sound box. We have continued to learn about the Arctic. We have been talking about what clothes we would wear and the materials that they would be made of. The children also enjoyed playing in our very own homemade Arctic and exploring lots of different textures.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have been reading the story 'Little Robin Red Vest' at circle time and the children have been colouring in vests, making their own robins and a tree for them to sit in! We made the story interactive where they had to find the correct colour vest for the robin to wear.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today as a school we have been taking part in Children in Need. In Puddleducks they have been colouring in Pudsey's, wearing Pudsey masks and talking about why we have Children in Need. This morning we also made apple and cinnamon muffins and the children did a fantastic job

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

WC 6.11.17

 

We have had a very busy and creative week in Puddleducks! We have started making decorations for our tree that will be displayed at the Christmas Tree Festival at the Church on the first weekend of December. Our theme is 'Arctic' and the children are really enjoying using different materials to create decorations. We have been talking about what the weather might be like and what clothes we would need to wear there.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have been learning about Remembrance Day and why we remember. They have been painting their own poppy pictures, icing biscuits and joined in with the school for the 2 minute silence today. We have also been looking at numbers and trying to recognise when groups of objects have more, less or the same. The children have been encouraged to use language of quantities.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 30.10.17
 
We have had a very busy first week back in Puddleducks! We started our new theme looking at the Arctic. The home corner has been changed into an Arctic adventure which includes an igloo, ice fishing area, cooking area and is surrounded with lots of cuddly toys! The children have been learning that the Arctic is at the top of the globe and have enjoyed looking through information books about who lives there. We created our own Northern lights pictures using marble paints and listened to a song about the animals we would find there.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We took part in Halloween activities where we decorated pumpkin pictures, iced biscuits and made our own paper pumpkins. We have started our new phonics sound 'i' this week and the children were very keen to complete their sound sheets! We have also been talking about firework safety and made glittery firework pictures.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We hope you all have a lovely weekend!
 
The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 16.10.17

 

This week we have been working on the phonics sound 't'. The children have decorated plates with Autumn colours and leaves and listened to an Autumn poem. We have also continued our learning about Diwali. They have been listening to the story of 'Rama and Sita' where they have been role playing with the masks, colouring Mehndi patterns on hand pictures and creating a Rangoli design during a sticking activity. On Wednesday we took part in a children's yoga session to the story of 'Squish the fish'. Today the children have been decorating frozen bananas with chocolate and sprinkles and are very excited to try these at snack time!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have had a fantastic first half term back and we have welcomed lots of new faces to Puddleducks! For anyone that hasn't activated their child's tapestry account please do as it is a lovely way to see what they have been up to and the stages in their development.

 

We hope you have a lovely break and we look forward to seeing you back on Monday 30th October!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 9.10.17

 

This week we have been looking at the phonics sound 't'. We have been continuing learning about our body parts and talking about how we keep ourselves clean and healthy. They have been listening to the story 'Wash, scrub, brush' and thinking about what we could do to keep our bodies clean.

 

We have started looking at the celebration of Diwali. They have been listening to 'The story of Rama and Sita' and playing with face masks of the characters in the story. They made Diva pots out of clay and decorated these with different beads. We also made traditional treats called 'Barfi'. They helped to roll the ingredients into balls and then enjoyed icing them in their chosen colour this morning!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

They have been developing their mark making skills by being encouraged to talk about the pictures that they have drawn. They have enjoyed using the water pens on the mat and making marks in the sand.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We hope you have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 2.10.17
 
This week we have continued to look at the phonics sound 'a'. The children have completed sound sheets and took part in a sound hunt.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have been naming parts of our body and will be following on next week looking at how we keep ourselves clean and healthy. The children took part in a cutting and sticking activity where they had to match the named parts to the person. When looking at books independently, we have encouraged the children to talk about what they see and what might be happening. We have also been taking part in shape activities where they had to match the shapes to the map on the page.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We would like to thank Ash class for asking us to join in with their pizza making on Thursday. The children loved choosing their toppings and enjoying eating them for their lunch :) This morning they have been busying cutting vegetables for our homemade soup! They did a fantastic job and we are all looking forward to tasting it at afternoon snack!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you haven't already, please could you return your child's all about me form so we can link this with your child's tapestry profile. Thank you very much :)
 
We hope you all have a lovely weekend!
 
The Puddleducks Team
Laura and Mandy

W/C 25.9.17

 

This week we have started to look at the phonics sound 'a'. We have continued with our Autumn theme and the children have been getting very creative! We went on a leaf hunt on the field and used these to create different animals. They also decorated transparent leaves using coloured tissue paper.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In our mini PE sessions we re-created the story of 'We're going on a bear hunt'. They had to travel across obstacles in different ways and join in with the actions to the story. We also worked on developing our physical skills by practicing balancing on one leg, climbing apparatus and walking along the balancing beam.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The children enjoyed making jam tarts this week and tasting what they had made for their snack! They helped to follow the recipe and had fun taking part in flour play after. We were also lucky to be invited along to the Harvest Festival at the church on Thursday. Each class did brilliantly with their performances and thank you to all the parents that joined us

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We hope you all have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

W/C 18.9.17

 

This week we have continued to look at our phonics sound 's'. We have been adding to our Autumn display where the children have made big and small owls and winding wool around leaves. The children have been taking part in fruit and vegetable printing which then turned into hand printing!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have started our mini P.E sessions in the hall this week. We followed the Sticky Kids CD where they had to follow the movements in the songs. The children were introduced to children's yoga where we did this to the story of 'We're going on a bear hunt'. They have also been taking part in ball games and ring games with their friends.

 

We have continued to read the story 'The Little Red Hen' and this week we made bread rolls with the children. They loved getting their hands messy and tasting what they had made!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

Weekly Update
W/C 11.9.17

 

Last week we had a settling in week where the children were able to get used to Puddleduck life again! Everyone settled in so well after the break and it is lovely to have them all back

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This week we have introduced phonics where we have been looking at the 's' sound. The children have been exploring the sound box, completing sound sheets and joining in with the song. They have loved using the interactive whiteboard where they have been mark marking and playing shape games.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have started looking at Autumn and have been working on our display. They have been creating tree pictures using paint and cups, leaf printing and cutting and sticking images related to Autumn. We have been on an Autumn walk around the area and we have been up on the field lots to find leaves, conkers, acorns and sticks. They have created a very interesting Autumn tray with all these materials together and helped to chose animals that they think would be best related to the season.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This half term we will be reading 'The Little Red Hen'. We listened to the story and then created a story board together with the main events. The children also made their own snack this week of berry yo-yo's. These included fruit, yoghurt and crushed biscuit. They were able to follow the instructions brilliantly and created a delicious snack to enjoy!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

W/C 17.7.17

We have had a very exciting last week in Puddleducks! On Monday we joined with Ash class to have a 'Teddy Bears Picnic' on the field. We had lots of fun on reward day on Tuesday where we were very lucky to have a bouncy castle and play lots of games! The children have been continuing to use the interactive board where they have been creating some beautiful mark making pieces.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sadly we said goodbye to some of our older children who are going off to new schools or joining Ash class. It has been a pleasure to have them all in Puddleducks and they will be really missed!

 

We hope that you all have a fantastic, restful summer and we look forward to seeing you back in September!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

W/C 10.7.17

 

We had a very exciting delivery this week in Puddleducks! We had a new interactive whiteboard installed and the children have been really enjoying using it so far! We have been playing counting games, practising their mark making and listening to interactive stories. We are very excited to start using this next term to help us learn our phonics and develop new skills. A big thank you to everybody who helped make this purchase possible

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On Monday the children joined in with some running races at Sports Day. They had great fun and they all did fantastic! We have been busy decorating fish with different coloured tissue paper for our 'Under the sea' display that we are making with Ash class. We took part in a children's yoga session on Thursday based on the story 'The Very Hungry Caterpillar'. They showed brilliant concentration skills and were amazing with following the different movements. In the garden they have been getting very messy exploring corn flour play and making 'cakes' in the mud kitchen.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Can we ask that if anyone still has a library book at home, please can it be returned next week! Thank you!

 

Have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

W/C 3rd July 2017

 

This week the children have been exploring the play dough where they have used cutters to create different shapes. They have then enjoyed testing their friends on what shape they have made. We have been learning about team work and how working together can help us in completing puzzles!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The children took part in an insect hunt in the garden and were very excited to find worms, snails and slugs! They used the magnifying glasses to look at them more closely and talk about the features that they had. They have also enjoyed caring for our plants by helping to water them each day. We have been looking at the Kipper story sack and the children have loved exploring the bag and creating their own stories with the characters.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

W/C 26.6.17

 

This week we have been developing the children's listening skills. They have played sound bingo where they had to identify the animals and instruments and match them to the picture on their cards. The children also joined in making playdough. They had to listen and follow the instructions to find out what the needed to do next!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In the garden they have been exploring wet sand and making sandcastles! The children have enjoyed mark making where they have decorated their own art folders. We have also been looking at numbers where they had to match the numbers on the balls to the correct house number. They also played the ladybird counting game in groups.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

W/C 19.6.17

The children have loved being outside and making the most of the beautiful weather this week! We have had lots of water play in the garden, role playing with the babies and playing with the small world people. They enjoyed making their own treasure maps and trying to find where their friends 'x' was in the garden. We have spent lots of time on the field too exploring the adventure trail and finding different types of flowers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have been making special houses for the school fete with the help of the children! They have been constructing their own houses and decorating them. The children have enjoyed role play where they have been busy making their own trains and taking it in turns to be the driver!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We look forward to seeing some of you at the school fete tomorrow! Have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

W/C 12.6.17

 

This week the children have enjoyed spending lots of time outside. They have been learning about shadows and drawing around objects in the garden. We have been washing, dressing and feeding babies, experimenting with torches in the tent and making ramps for our cars to run down.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We had a music and movement session in the hall where we encouraged the children to move in different ways. They enjoyed playing with the parachute and taking part in ball games. The children have also been busy creating special pieces for Father's Day. We hope that they like them!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

W/C 5.6.17
 
Welcome back! We hope that you all had a lovely half term!
 
This week the children have loved getting very creative! They have been taking part in junk modelling, shape printing and making their own shadow pictures with animals.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

During our phonics sessions we have looked back at all of the sounds that we have previously learnt. The children took part in a cutting activity where they had to match the same letter, word and picture together.
 
The children have enjoyed exploring the field where they have been testing their physical skills on the climbing equipment, playing ball games and skipping. At one of our morning circle times where we talk about the weather that day, the children began discussing how windy it was and how everything was blowing away! We decided to experiment with the weather and take ribbons up to the field. Beforehand we spoke about what effects the wind would have on their ribbons and what they could do to make them go higher. They had great fun and needed a much deserved rest after all the running!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

W/C 22.5.17

 

The children have had a fantastic week making the most of the beautiful weather! We have taken our learning outside and they have loved it! We have had lots of water play with boats, bottles, sprays, ramps, washing babies and cars. We have been developing the children's scissor skills by cutting along lines and in different shapes. They have enjoyed painting at the easel and making dens out of materials.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have been playing ball games on the field and exploring the adventure trail. We have also been focusing on the phonics sound 'f' this week.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hope that you all have a lovely half term break!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

W/C 15.5.17

 

This week we have been looking at the phonics sound 'l'. The children have completed their sound sheets and have been finding objects beginning with the letter 'l' around them.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have been focusing on our pencil holding skills this week and encouraging children to talk about the pictures that they have drawn.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

They also enjoyed a children's yoga session to the story of Frozen in the hall. They showed great concentration and were able to follow the movements brilliantly!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

It has been very exciting this week in Puddleducks as one of our tadpoles has grown into a froglet! The children have enjoyed watching it jump around the tank and it has been named by them as Fred the Frog! We are hoping some more froglets grow as the children have been thinking up lots more names for them!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As the weather is due to be getting warmer (hopefully!) please would your child be able to bring a sun hat with them each day and can sun cream be applied before nursery if possible. Thank you!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

W/C 8.5.17

 

This week we have been looking at the phonics sound 'u'. The children have been playing phonics bingo where they had the task of distinguishing between all of the sounds that we have learnt.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

They have enjoyed checking on the tadpoles and have been keen to take their own photos so they could have a closer look! We are all very excited as some of them seem to be growing legs!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have been practicing our counting and recapping the names of shapes. They had lots of fun going on a shape hunt around Puddleducks to see if they could find them within the environment. We have also been looking at groups of objects where they had to work out which had more or less.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This morning the children have been enjoying icing cakes. Once they had decorated them as you can imagine they did not last very long!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

 

W/C 1.5.17

 

This week we have been focusing on the jolly phonics sound 'o'. We have continued with looking at the story 'Hands are not for hitting'. The children have been talking with each other about what happy hands and sad hands mean to them. They took part in a cutting and sticking activity where they had to arrange what their hands should and should not be used for and explored hand printing as being a fun way to use their hands!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have also been looking at colours and exploring how they change when they are mixed together. They got very excited when they saw the colours that they had made!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The children have been spending time in the hall where we have been setting up group activities and continuing to develop their listening skills. They have been listening to interactive stories and talking about what might happen next and playing animal bingo. The children have also used blocks to build structures. They have been talking and working together with their friends to share ideas about how they can build what they set out to do.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

W/C 24.4.17

 

We have had another busy week in puddleducks! The children have been learning about the jolly phonics sound 'g' and exploring rhyming words. We have taken part in music and movement activities in the hall encouraging the children to develop their understanding of following instructions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The children have been developing their fine motor skills by threading cotton reels and using beads to create pieces on pipe cleaners. We have continued with our number recognition activities where they had to identify numbers in the environment.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

During our circle times we have been talking about how to be kind and gentle with others. We have focused on the books 'feet are not for kicking' and 'hands are not for hitting'. The children have been thinking of different ways that they can use their hands and feet.

 

The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

W/C 17.4.17

 

Welcome back! We hope that you all had a lovely Easter! Puddleducks have had a very busy first week back! We have welcomed lots of new faces and they have all settled in fantastically!

 

We have been revisiting the jolly phonics sounds that we have previously looked at and introduced the sound 'd'. The children have been drawing and painting pictures of things they did during their holidays. They have enjoyed telling us all about what they got up to and comparing the amount of Easter eggs they got with their friends!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As the weather has been so lovely this week we have spent lots of time outside! The children helped to plant seeds and water out plants. We spoke about what the seeds would need to help them grow and how we should care for them. They have loved exploring the mud kitchen where they have been making 'pies' and 'cakes'! We have also been working on number recognition. The children have been taking part in counting activities and matching numbers and colours.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

W/C 27.3.17

 

This week we have been looking at the Jolly Phonics sound 'm' and looking back over the sounds to see what we could all remember! The children did really well and are becoming very familiar with them! On Tuesday we were invited to attend the Easter Service at the church. Puddleducks were fantastic walking and sat beautifully the whole way through. They also enjoyed having the chance to show everybody the lovely Easter hats that they had made. A big thank you to the parents who helped us walk to and from the church!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have been looking at Easter, talking about the Easter story and why people celebrate it. On Wednesday they tasted hot cross buns and were able to choose their fillings! They have been decorating eggs where they were able to colour in or explore different materials to use. We took part in a name egg hunt in the hall. The children were given their names and had to match the different eggs to the letters of their names. They loved this and were amazing in finding them!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today we have been enjoying reward day. We went on an Easter egg hunt in the field and were very excited to find a treat at the end! We also had a very special visitor from The Animal Experience where the children were able to learn about and touch a range of animals including a meerkat, snake and an owl!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We hope that you have a lovely, restful Easter break!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

W/C 20.3.17

This week we have been learning about Easter and why people celebrate it. They helped to make and decorate an Easter egg tree and have continued to practice lots of spring songs. Puddleducks made their own Easter hats to wear at our service at the church next Tuesday.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The children have been busy this week getting creative making their gifts for Mother's Day. We hope that you like them and hopefully they have been able to keep what it is a secret!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In our Jolly Phonics session, we have been looking at the 'r' sound. They have been busy adding to our spring display where they painted their own ladybirds and we went on a spring walk around the field to see if we could notice any changes in the environment. We also celebrated Red Nose Day on Friday. They have been creating their own faces with red noses and decorating biscuits!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

W/C 13.3.17

 

We have had another very busy week in Puddleducks! The children have been learning about the Jolly Phonics sound 'h' and finding objects that began with the letter. We have started to sing Spring songs and continued working on our spring display. They have been painting blossom trees and decorating frogs for the pond.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have started looking at healthy eating this week. We began by talking about what foods are good for us and which foods are not so good. They enjoyed an activity of cutting out foods that they liked and sticking them onto their plates. During a taste testing activity, we encouraged the children to talk about what they thought of the different foods and why.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The children asked if they could take it in turns to lead the morning circle time where we complete the weather board and find out how everyone is feeling that day. They had lots of fun doing this and they all made fantastic teachers!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Puddleducks would also like to say a big thank you to Mike who came and put some wonderful shelving into our new shed for us!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

W/C 6.3.17

 

We have been making the most of the lovely weather this week by spending lots of time outside! We went on a walk on the school field where we checked on the chickens, played ball games and tested our balancing skills on the climbing equipment. In the garden, the children were exploring things that float in water. They used boats, cars and other materials around them to test these ideas.The children have also been learning about the life cycle of frogspawn. We collected some carefully from the pond in the playground and have watched them grow into tadpoles! The children are very excited and love looking at the frog books to find out more!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Puddleducks have been learning about the sound 'e' in Jolly Phonics. They watched a short clip where they had to guess what items beginning with the sound 'e' were being made with the play dough as fast as they could! We have been learning about our senses this week. The children took part in a smelling activity where they had to guess what was in the boxes. They enjoyed talking about the smells, where they had smelt them before and explaining why they liked or didn't like them! The children also explored their sense of touch. We encouraged them to use describing words to talk about the items they were feeling in the feely box and during shaving foam play.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

W/C 27.2.17

 

We have had a very busy week in Puddleducks! On Monday we were invited to the assembly led by the local PCSO. We learnt about the roles policeman do to help us and how to stay safe.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tuesday we celebrated pancake day. The children took it in turns to add and mix together the ingredients - all waiting very patiently for them to be cooked! They had great fun choosing which toppings they wanted to use but the best bit was tasting our creations!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This week the children have been learning about the Jolly Phonics sounds 'C' and 'K'. If you are interested in listening to the sound songs you can go to YouTube and search 'Jolly Phonics'. We have continued with our topic of all about me. The children painted self portraits and used mirrors to look at their features more closely.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We also celebrated World Book Day. The children brought in their favourite stories from home or chose a special one they like to look at at nursery. They were encouraged to retell what happens in the story and enjoyed drawing parts of the book. We loved looking at each other's costumes and listening to the stories our friends had brought in.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

 

 

W/C 20.2.17

 

This week we have been looking at the jolly phonics sound 'n'. The children have been enjoying practicing the sound along with the aeroplane movement.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have started our topic 'All about me' which we have been looking at self-care. The children were introduced to Toby the crocodile who was shy and unsure how to keep himself clean and healthy so needed the children's help! They were very kind in showing him how to brush his teeth properly, wash himself and how to clean his nose!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The children have shown an interest in mark making this week and exploring different ways to make movements. They have been using the whiteboards, sand tray and taking part in large scale finger painting to make marks.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have also been developing our physical skills during our mini P.E sessions in the hall. They have been taking part in a small obstacle course that tested their climbing, balance and movement skills. They loved exploring their abilities and we all earned a well deserved rest afterwards!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Puddleducks would also like to thank the PTA for our new shed! We really appreciated all the help with taking our old one down on Tuesday and look forward to filling up the new one soon! Thank you again!

 

The Puddleducks Team
Mandy and Laura

W/C 6/2/17

 

We have been looking at the ‘i’ sound in Jolly phonics this week. The children completed their sound sheets and we also went on a sound hunt around the school looking for words with an ‘i’ or ‘s’ in them.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The children enjoyed a pizza making session on Wednesday where they were able to choose which toppings they would like and were encouraged to use different cutlery safely. I’m sure you can see from the photos that these were definitely a success with the children!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Puddleducks enjoyed making Valentine’s day cards for their families where they decorated hearts and used hand prints to make leaves for a flower. They have been exploring pink and glittery play dough and in our circle time we have been talking about feelings and characteristics of our friends and family. We have been discussing what would make people happy and sad and why we like to play with our friends. The children have been very kind about each other and people that they know! We also decorated biscuits for our loved ones to enjoy using pink icing and different types of sprinkles - luckily we made enough to have one at snack time!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Puddleducks Team

Mandy and Laura

W/C 30.1.17

 

This week we have been looking at the sound 'P'. The children have been colouring in our sound sheets and finding items in the room. As the jolly phonics song was a bit of a difficult one this week, we decided to help them with the understanding of the words by making their very own pink pig cakes. Since then we have all been singing along to the words successfully!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have continued to look at Chinese New Year. The children decorated their own dragon masks using bright colours and lots of glitter! They also explored the clothes and items they have and even had a chance to try these on!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Puddleducks have been learning about rhythm and tempo this week. We had a music and movement session in the hall where the children danced at different speeds to how fast the song was. They showed us some brilliant dance moves! We also used instruments where they were given the chance to tap the drum at different tempos for their friends to move in a range of ways. They had a great fun and was a great workout for all!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Puddleducks Team

Mandy and Laura

W/C 23.1.17

 

This week we have been continuing to introduce Jolly Phonics. We have been learning about the sound 't'. We have been finding things beginning with that sound and putting them in our sound box and singing along to the song!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We created a 'I can count to ten' board where we encouraged children to find the correct number of the same items. They have been using the board independently and learning to associate numbers with objects.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Puddleducks have been learning about Chinese New Year. We have been listening to the story 'The Great Race' and we created a story board recalling what happened in book. The children have enjoyed making fans, dragons out of egg boxes, looking at Chinese books and listening to Chinese music where they incorporated musical instruments. They also learnt about what animal represents them for their year of birth when looking at the zodiac.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Puddleducks Team

 

Mandy and Laura

 

W/C 16.1.17

 

This week we introduced the letter sound 'a'. The children have been singing the song with the actions all week and we hear that they have been doing the same at home!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The children have been measuring items by putting them in length and height order from smallest to biggest. They have been arranging different lengths of string and looking at a variety of sizes of animals.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have been continuing to look at the story 'We're going on a bear hunt'. In the hall we acted out the story by using different sounds and movements. The children have also been busy making their own penguins for our winter display.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On Thursday the children made pizzas to eat at our very own teddy bears picnic. They were able to choose which toppings they would like on their pizza and their teddies were even lucky enough to have a little taste too!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Have a lovely weekend!

Mandy and Laura

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

W/C 9.1.17

 

We are beginning to introduce the children to Jolly Phonics. It is a fun and child centred approach to teaching literacy through synthetic phonics. In Puddleducks we are starting to work on Phase 1 which are the letter sounds s, a, t, i, p, n. This week we have been looking at the sound 's'. We created a sound box together by searching for things that start with the 's' sound.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Puddleducks have been enjoying listening to 'We're going on a bear hunt' and made their own caves for the bear in the story. We have also been talking about different types of bears and learning where they live.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The children have been developing their understanding of shape names including circle, triangle, square and rectangle. We have also introduced the shapes hexagon and oval. They were able to practice drawing familiar shapes using the interactive board. We did this in pairs which encouraged turn taking by using the sand timer and they enjoyed testing each other on the shape names.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We also took part in the Big Schools' Bird Watch. The children used binoculars to spot the birds and used cameras to try to capture them. They also ticked off the birds that they spotted on their clipboards.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Puddleducks Team

Mandy and Laura

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

W/C 12/12/16

 

We have had a very busy week in Puddleducks! We have made our own wreaths using string......

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Listening to the story of the Nativity and acting this out independently with the characters in the sand......

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exploring the Christmas stickers!!........

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Making Christmas trees using marshmallows and rice krispies.....

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Santa delivered a very special sack full of presents, a letter from him for each child and reindeer food to put out on Christmas Eve......

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

They enjoyed Christmas dinner.....

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

And playing with the snow.....​

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Puddleducks Team

Mandy and Laura

W/C 5/12/16

 

On Monday the children were invited to the church with the rest of the school to celebrate Christingle. In the morning Puddleducks learnt about the meaning of Christingle and what the oranges represent. They then got the chance to decorate their own!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The children enjoyed exploring ice play and trying to free the snow animals that were frozen inside! We spoke about ways that the ice would melt and what features the animals have to live in the colder climate. We also took part in a shape hunt in the garden where they had to find familiar shapes and mark them off on their clipboards.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On Tuesday and Wednesday afternoon the children joined in with the Christmas nativity where they all chose their own outfits to wear! They sat and sang along to the songs beautifully - well done Puddleducks!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have been busy drawing pictures to send to Father Christmas and some of us went to post them on Friday morning. The children were very excited that they would be going all the way to the North Pole and hoped to receive a reply from him before Christmas!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Have a lovely weekend!

 

The Puddleducks Team

Mandy and Laura

 

 

W/C 28/11/16

 

This week we have been getting very festive in Puddleducks. We have been arranging baubles, trees, stockings, stars and candy canes in order of size and then decorating them.....

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dressing up in our festive outfits.......

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Making Robins using paper plates, tissue paper and googly eyes.......

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Decorating our Christmas tree.........

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wrapping presents..........

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

And joined in with the rehearsals of the Christmas nativity 'The Dinky Donkeys'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We are looking forward to another fun filled week next week!

 

The Puddleducks Team

Mandy and Laura​

W/C 21/11/16

 

This week in Puddleducks we have been talking about feelings and what makes us happy, sad and angry. The children took part in a matching activity of placing the flashcards into the correct feelings hoop. They were able to identify how they were feeling in the pictures and extended this by telling us their own experiences!

 

We went on a nature walk Wednesday afternoon around the local area. Luckily we were well prepared with our wellie boots as we found some big puddles to splash in! We came across a drey that had fallen from a tree and talked about how the squirrels would have made it. They enjoyed looking for materials around that the squirrel would have used and trying to spot them in the trees.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On Thursday we celebrated Thanksgiving. The children enjoyed making turkey sandwiches to have for snack and they also made their own dreamcatchers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Puddleducks Team

Mandy and Laura

 

W/C 14/11/16

 

The children have been exploring ice as part of sensory play. We looked in the atlas to find where the Antarctic is and talked about the animals that live there. They chose from our animal box which ones they thought would be best suited to live with the ice and in the cold and even made homes for them using lego pieces!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Over the last few weeks we have had fun singing along to our Halloween and Autumn songs. The children have been joining in with the actions and are looking forward to starting our winter songs in the coming weeks!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As part of our 'All about me' theme, the children have been talking about their families and creating their own family tree. Thank you everyone who provided the leaves and photos, they loved telling us about who was who and sharing stories about them!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Puddleducks Team

Mandy and Laura

 

 

 

W/C 7/11/16

 

This week we created a story box for the book 'Room on the Broom'. The children have enjoyed dressing up, role playing with the animals and making their own potions using coloured glitter. They have loved listening to the story and rearranging the magnetic story board in order of the events happening in the book.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have also been learning about Remembrance Day. During a circle time activity we discussed what it is about and why we wear poppies. The children were able to purchase their own poppies and used these to paint a picture of them.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

They also decorated biscuits into poppies using red icing and cherries. The children loved this and as you can see from the pictures, some of the icing made it onto the biscuits and some of it did not!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 ​We would also like to thank the parents who came to the Stay and Play session last Friday afternoon. We had a brilliant turn out and the children loved exploring the new environment!

We hope to see you all again!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Have a lovely weekend!

The Puddleducks Team

Mandy and Laura

 

W/C 31/10/16

 

Hope that you all had a lovely break at half term!

We have been busy looking at Halloween and Guy Fawkes Night this week and getting very creative!

 

For Halloween the children used paint and glitter to decorate pumpkins and wanted to display these outside for you all to see. Using cut out shapes they made their own pumpkin pictures and explored Halloween shaped pasta which they threaded onto string and used them to make textured pictures.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

After many of us watched the fireworks here at the school this week, the children made their own firework pictures. Using glitter and paint they decorated paper plates. They also enjoyed printing with cut out toilet rolls which created a lovely effect!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Puddleducks Team

Mandy and Laura

Autumn Term

 

​Puddleducks have been busy this half term! After the long summer we all settled in quickly and got straight into celebrating Roald Dahl Day. We decorated masks of animals that are in some of the stories using a range of materials and also explored the different books.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We then got creative making our own pitta pizzas to help develop our fine motor skills and to learn about using cutlery safely.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The children have been enjoying listening to The Gingerbread Man and have been reciting parts of the story. To further this they made gingerbread using cutters and took these home for everyone to enjoy!

 

To celebrate Harvest Festival, Puddleducks went to the church with the whole school for a service. They all walked and sat fantastically and we got lots of photos taken by the children!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We have been looking at our topic of autumn where we went on a walk to explore the school field and local area. The children had great fun finding conkers, acorns and leaves which they painted for our display.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Using the large whiteboard has been very popular with the children and they have spent time creating lots of lovely marks and pictures. Some are beginning to become familiar with the letters in their name and have been using the board to try and write it.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recently we have started a mini P.E session twice a week where we take the children into the school hall and take part in a range of physical activities. We have been playing ball games, taking part in music and movement and parachute games. The children have loved this time and we will be continuing this weekly next term!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Puddleducks Team
 
Mandy and Laura

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
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